As an avid fan of Laura Ingalls Wilder’s work, I felt I had to read Prairie Fires: The American Dreams of Laura Ingalls Wilder by Caroline Fraser. While it is marketed as a new biography and even won the 2018 Pulitzer Prize and National Book Critics Circle Award for biography, it seems to be so much more. In her work, Caroline Fraser not only takes the time to ground very personal decisions made by Laura and her husband Almanzo into the larger backdrop of American history, she takes it several steps further. She analyzes decisions made by Charles Ingalls, Laura’s father, and Rose Wilder Lane, Laura’s daughter, against their political leanings and larger political climate.
Frankly, if a book looks at least reasonably well-written (not fan-fic) and promises new insight on anything related to Laura Ingalls Wilder’s life and work, I am likely to pick it up. However, that doesn’t mean that I agree with everything or there aren’t inherent biases in such work. As much as I enjoyed Prairie Fires, there is one overarching issue I believe is being overlooked.
Before I get into the issue, which, as with all things controversial relating to Laura Ingalls Wilder and her work, involves her daughter Rose Wilder Lane, some background is needed. First, I read this book this past spring. I enjoyed it, and it just fermented for a while. I couldn’t quite figure out what bothered me about the presentation of politics throughout the book, until I happened to witness another conversation about the book.
A month or two after I read the book, I happened to be having lunch with some friends from Mid-Michigan Writers when two other women came to have a conversation with my friends. One woman began gushing over Prairie Fires and stated that she would love to have a political conversation around the book. While I do not know this woman well, her politics proceeded her due to several mutual acquaintances. I didn’t join in the conversation other than to say that I loved the book; however, it finally came to me why I felt something was off.
For those who don’t know, Laura’s daughter Rose Wilder Lane is one of the founding members of the modern Libertarian party and all that that entails. In fact, Rose deserves her own blog post or even series of blog posts. There is that much material. Early in the 20th century, Rose was the famous Wilder. The political legacy she left is messy and quite complex. While my own personal politics lean more towards that of Laura and Almanzo (center-right), particularly when considering fiscal matters, than Rose, I don’t feel that the Caroline Fraser understood any of the politics completely. Caroline Fraser seemed to analyze the political tendencies of the Ingalls and Wilder families through a modern liberal lens.
The most glaring example of this bias for me comes when Fraser implies that Laura is perhaps a hypocrite for serving on a local farm loan board near her home in Mansfield, Missouri while not supporting the sweeping federal farm loan programs of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Actually, I completely get it. Laura and Almanzo favored local control of government. I do as well. The implication and omission of this distinction stood out to me.
If Fraser didn’t understand the politics of Laura and Almanzo, she didn’t know what to make of Rose Wilder Lane. In all fairness, I don’t if anyone will ever completely understand her life. In her life, Lane goes from supporting elements of communism and fascism to standing up for the founding principles of the United States of America. She did all of this, of course, while helping her mother complete her famous series of children’s books.
Perhaps we will never know where Rose’s influence began and ended when it comes to the Little House books. It is an enduring debate surrounding the series. Fraser comes right out and describes the mother and daughter writing relationship as “incestuous.” I came to a stop for a minute at that description, silently accusing Fraser of sensationalism. Then I thought about it. As I stated earlier, there is no way to know precisely what role Rose played in the series. While I do not believe that Rose largely wrote the books, I do believe that the books would not exist in their current form without her influence.
Ultimately, I enjoyed the book. Political bias aside, Caroline Fraser extensively researched her material. Prior to reading Prairie Fires, I found Rose Wilder Lane to be a fascinating character. After reading the book, I left even more intrigued. As a fiscal conservative with libertarian tendencies, I can relate to some of Lane’s political ideas. I love the fact that she promoted individualism, personal liberty, and self-determination. Those ideas still hold value and are needed today more than ever in the face of increasing collectivism. Can individualism and self-determination be taken too far? Absolutely, and so can collectivism. We need a balance.
By the way, I find talk surrounding the book to be politically divisive. You can read a Slate review here (the reviewer really doesn’t get the politics). In the book, Lane’s political activism is compared with the other two “mothers” of the libertarian movement: Ayn Rand and Isabel Paterson. You can read more about them here. If you are interested in Laura Ingalls Wilder, American history, or politics at all, Prairie Fires is a must-read.